Managing Allergic Asthma

People with allergic asthma often have asthma symptoms that are brought on by allergic reactions. Because its triggers are so common, this type of asthma can be very hard to control.

We explain what allergic asthma is, how it differs from other asthma types, its causes, symptoms, and the most effective treatments available.

What is Allergic Asthma?

Allergic asthma is activated by allergens that are generally harmless to most people. But for people with allergic asthma, these allergens cause asthma symptoms by making their immune systems react.

Because it is the most common type of asthma in the US, many people make it a priority to understand and control it.

Allergic vs. Non-Allergic Asthma

The trigger is the main difference between allergic and non-allergic asthma. For non-allergic asthma, things like cold air, stress, or exercise can set it off. For allergic asthma, allergens like pollen or dust are what set it off.

In both cases, the symptoms show up when the body tries to get rid of the triggers, which can make breathing problems worse.

Common Triggers and Symptoms of Allergic Asthma

People with allergic asthma might experience symptoms when exposed to pet dander, pollen, dust mites, cockroaches, tobacco smoke, pollution, strong smells, chemical fumes, etc.

Symptoms like wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath can be mild to severe when these things happen. In severe cases, being around allergens can cause an asthma attack, which makes it very hard to breathe.

Management and Treatment Strategies

Dealing with allergic asthma means taking care of both the asthma and the allergies that cause it.

Some effective strategies are:

1. Long-term Asthma Control Medications

Inhaled corticosteroids, such as Flovent and Symbicort, are usually prescribed to lower asthma symptoms and keep them under control.

These medicines are important for long-term management, but a doctor has to write a prescription for them.

2. Quick-relief Solutions

Quick-action inhalers are necessary for getting immediate relief during an asthma attack.

These have quick-acting medicines in them that open up the airways quickly and help with severe symptoms instantly.

3. Allergy Treatments

Over-the-counter and prescription allergy medications like Zyrtec, Allegra, Claritin, and Singulair, help reduce sensitivity to allergens.

These treatments can greatly relieve allergic reactions and – by extension – lessen asthma symptoms.

4. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy, or regular allergy shots, is another good way to treat allergies, especially in people who have severe ones.

These shots slowly make you less sensitive to certain allergens, which makes allergic reactions less severe over time.

5. Anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) Therapy

Anti-IgE therapy goes after and stops the chemicals that cause allergic reactions in people with severe and long-lasting asthma. For people with severe allergic asthma, this treatment can make all the difference.

Preventive Measures

Best way to prevent allergic asthma symptoms are:

1. avoid pets if allergic to dander.

2. stay indoors during high pollen seasons.

3. use hypoallergenic bedding and wash it regularly.

4. clean with HEPA filter vacuums and damp cloths to reduce dust.

5. keep your living environment dry and mold-free.

Precautions and Consultation

Before starting any treatment for allergic asthma, consult with a healthcare provider. They will look over your medical history and the medicines you are currently taking.

They may also do some skin and breathing tests to make sure the treatment they choose is suitable for you. Your treatment plan may need to be changed as your symptoms change.


There is no cure for allergic asthma, but it can be managed well. What you need is a treatment plan around your condition.

Being aware of triggers and seeing a doctor regularly are important for managing allergic asthma well. As always, talk to your healthcare provider for personalized advice and treatment plans.

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